45 MULTI QUESTIONS QUIZ 5 SHORT ANSWER

Question 1 2 pts
Do some acts not considered to be “moral acts” have the potential to become “moral acts”? Explain your answer and give an example.

Question 2 2 pts
Identify a controversial issue that may involve the concept of “moral relativism”? Explain your answer and give an example.

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Question 3 2 pts
A framework for making ethical decisions is needed. Such a framework begins with a search for ________ principles.
Group of answer choices

limited

inclusive

divided

universal

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Question 4 2 pts
According to Albanese, all of the following make up the concept of good character, except:
Group of answer choices

Denial of victimization.

Good principles.

Conscience.

Moral courage.

All the above are elements of good character.

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Question 5 2 pts
According to the definition of Ethics in Chapter one ________.
Group of answer choices

Ethics only involves the study of the development of laws.

Ethics is the study of morality and analysis of what constitutes good conduct.

Ethics is the study of the development of organizational theories.

All of the above.

None of the above.

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Question 6 2 pts
All of the following actions would be considered to have moral worth, except:
Group of answer choices

Helping the homeless find shelter.

Working to support your family.

Greeting your mail carrier.

Paying your taxes.

All of the above.

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Question 7 2 pts
Certain categories of human beings are exempt from discussions of ethics, they are ________.
Group of answer choices

Members of the clergy.

The mentally ill.

Young children.

Members of the U.S. Congress.

B and C.

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Question 8 2 pts
Developing and following moral principles give human decision making both meaning and a dispassionate ________.
Group of answer choices

rationale

value

result

morality

All of the above.

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Question 9 2 pts
Ethical relativism attempts to ________ the way people behave.
Group of answer choices

Justify

Establish

Guide

Condemn

None of the above.

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Question 10 2 pts
Ethics are fundamental to character because ________.
Group of answer choices

They are essential for building great wealth and power.

They specify the guiding principles on which character is built.

They provide guidance to become superior to others in talent and intellect.

All of the above

None of the above.

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Question 11 2 pts
Ethics is central to criminal justice because ________.
Group of answer choices

The law is complete in itself to address every ethical issue involved.

Morality is what distinguishes right from wrong.

The government does not have the moral authority to enforce the law, only statutory authority.

All of the above.

None of the above.

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Question 12 2 pts
Ethics rejects the notion of “________,” where a person merely seeks out a “commonsense” position on ethical issues without referring to ethical theory or perspective.
Group of answer choices

moral majority

moral judgements

moral intuition

All of the above.

None of the above.

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Question 13 2 pts
Guiding human potential and action in a moral direction is the subject matter of ________.
Group of answer choices

Ethics

Law

Etiquette

Values

None of the above.

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Question 14 2 pts
Moral behavior requires ________.
Group of answer choices

No more than the laws require.

Less than what the laws require.

Sometimes more than the law requires.

None of the above.

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Question 15 2 pts
Moral courage can best be defined as ________.
Group of answer choices

Acting only on impulse without fearing consequences.

Acting on the knowledge you always chose the best course of action.

Acting on a rational choice to follow good principles based on conscience.

None of the above.

All of the above.

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Question 16 2 pts
Moral rules can also be derived independently of ________ beliefs because desirable human conduct can be prescribed and achieved through application of rational principles.
Group of answer choices

irrational

rational

religious

legal

None

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Question 17 2 pts
Value judgments can be verified ________.
Group of answer choices

Based on data.

Based on Facts.

Based on reason.

Based on observations.

None of the above.

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Question 18 2 pts
________ is the ability to evaluate viewpoints, facts, and behaviors objectively in order to assess the presentation of information or methods of argumentation to establish the true worth or merit of an act or a course of conduct.
Group of answer choices

Objective correlative

Subjective Best Fit

Critical Thinking

Regression Analysis

None of the above.

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Question 19 2 pts
Virtue ethics is based on the idea that if a person seeks the right things (the real goods) in the proper ways (via the moral virtues), the result will be a morally virtuous person engaging in ethical conduct. Explain why this may not lead to a person actually being an ethical person. Give examples.

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Question 20 2 pts
According to Aristotle, ________ are things we ought to desire regardless of whether we really do.
Group of answer choices

apparent goods

absolute goods

resolute goods

real goods

None of the above.

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Question 21 2 pts
According to Aristotle, the ultimate good is ________.
Group of answer choices

Power

Wealth

Health

Happiness

All of the above.

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Question 22 2 pts
According to Virtue Ethics, both moral virtue and ________ are operative means to happiness.
Group of answer choices

moderate living

over indulgence

good fortune

good temperament

None of the above.

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Question 23 2 pts
Aristotle described 10 moral virtues which include all of these, except:
Group of answer choices

Courage.

Temperance.

Pride.

Gluttony.

Justice.

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Question 24 2 pts
Aristotle emphasized that ethical conduct requires ________ so that it becomes a habit.
Group of answer choices

practice

intellect

skill

knowledge

None of the above.

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Question 25 2 pts
Hedonism views ________ as the ultimate virtue.
Group of answer choices

happiness

power

wealth

pleasure

None of the above.

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Question 26 2 pts
Plato and Aquinas identified the four cardinal virtues as desirable because they focused on the ideal ________.
Group of answer choices

government

society

individual

race

None of the above.

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Question 27 2 pts
The Character Counts! education programs summarize the six pillars of character as trustworthiness, respect, responsibility, fairness, caring, and ________.
Group of answer choices

wealth

citizenship

intellect

status

None of the above.

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Question 28 2 pts
The beginnings of virtue ethics can be traced to Aristotle’s distinguished predecessors, Socrates and ________.
Group of answer choices

Heraclitus

Plato

Apollo

Pythagoras

None of the above.

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Question 29 2 pts
The exercise of moral virtue is guided by the four cardinal virtues, include all of these except:
Group of answer choices

Temperance.

Courage.

Prudence.

Pride

None of the above

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Question 30 2 pts
Virtue ethics are most closely associated with ________ whose approach to ethics asks, “How ought people live their lives?”
Group of answer choices

Socrates

Plato

Aristotle

Pythagoras

None of the above.

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Question 31 2 pts
________ was a philosophy of serenity, tranquility, and impassiveness to suffering.
Group of answer choices

Stoicism

Hedonism

Absolutism

Altruism

None of the above.

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Question 32 2 pts
________’s work was influential and remains so, and his book The Republic sets forth his views on ethics, describing a plan for an ideal city where few laws are needed because of the highly developed moral character of its inhabitants.
Group of answer choices

Aristotle

Apollo

Plato

Heraclitus

None of the above.

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Question 33 2 pts
________, which are pursued by many people; some are innocuous and some are noxious.
Group of answer choices

Real goods

Resolute goods

Material goods

Apparent goods

None of the above.

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Question 34 2 pts
Kant argued that nothing is good without qualification, except goodwill. What did Kant mean by this? Give some examples.

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Question 35 2 pts
Kant describes a “kingdom of ends” as an ideal state in which rational beings are united through common, objective universal laws that apply to everyone (and no one is used as a means by others). Do you agree or disagree with Kant’s ideal? Explain your answer and provide another alternative ideal state.

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Question 36 2 pts
According to Kant, ________ should always be followed because it is fundamental to Kant’s view of ethics.
Group of answer choices

wisdom

duty

intuition

virtue

None of the above.

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Question 37 2 pts
According to Kant, morality is determined by ________ principles that prescribe an action using an established rule, rather than on an expected result.
Group of answer choices

a priori

persona non grata

carpe diem

non supra

None of the above

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Question 38 2 pts
According to Kant, you do not want a person making decisions entirely on what might happen. Instead, decisions should be made based on ________.
Group of answer choices

knowledge

intellect

importance

duty

None of the above.

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Question 39 2 pts
According to the textbook, Kant’s formalism has been criticized for not being ________.
Group of answer choices

truthful

practical

flexible

logical

None of the above.

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Question 40 2 pts
In looking at individual actions, Kant distinguishes between duties and ________.
Group of answer choices

powers

authorities

abilities

inclinations

None of the above.

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Question 41 2 pts
Kant believed that if a rule is ________ valid, it must be of absolute necessity and apply in all circumstances.
Group of answer choices

legally

morally

factually

None of the above.

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Question 42 2 pts
Kant believed that people often became shrewder as they became ________ and fell away from the idea of moral duty.
Group of answer choices

wiser

wealthier

busier

older

None of the above.

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Question 43 2 pts
Kant’s practical imperative is sometimes used as a basis to claim universal or ________ rights.
Group of answer choices

civil

legal

natural

exponential

None of the above.

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Question 44 2 pts
The ________ imperative, which states that you act in such a way that you treat humanity, yourself or another, always the same-as an end and never simply as a means.
Group of answer choices

hypothetical

practical

categorical

moral

None of the above.

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Question 45 2 pts
The centerpiece of Kant’s philosophy is the ________ imperative, which guides all conduct.
Group of answer choices

moral

categorical

hypothetical

practical

None of the above.

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Question 46 2 pts
You can never kill someone to save the life of another under Kant’s philosophy because that would make a bad ________ rule.
Group of answer choices

legal

maxim

moral

universal

None of the above.

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Question 47 2 pts
________ imperatives are means to obtaining something else (similar to Aristotle’s apparent goods).
Group of answer choices

Intellectual

Categorical

Moral

Hypothetical

None of the above.

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Question 48 2 pts
A lie that looks like it will not result in dire consequences is not permitted under formalism because consequences are never known for certain and lying conflicts with your moral duty.
Group of answer choices

True

False

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Question 49 2 pts
According to Kant, duty only exists with potential consequences being considered first.
Group of answer choices

True

False

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Question 50 2 pts
According to Kantian ethics, morality is determined by a priori principles that prescribe an action using an established rule, rather than on an expected result.
Group of answer choices

True

False

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